The letters of John and Jude deal with heretical teachings within the early Church. In 1 John the problem was Gnosticism-a view that the material world is evil-and according to Barclay, a view that still infects the thinking of some of today's Christians. Second and 3 John contain warnings against visiting preachers who taught false doctrines and against other individuals who attacked the writer's authority. Jude indicts those individuals of loose morals, or antinomians, who had assimilated themselves into the Christian community.
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