Why have so many scholars ceased to believe in a type of inspiration that distinguishes the Bible from every other book as a matter of kind rather than degree? Why is fundamentalism so unsatisfying to modern people? This history of interpretation from 1500 to the present answers these questions by showing how biblical scholarship has developed under the influence of internal and external factors. In this book John Sandys-Wunsch documents the changes that have taken place in biblical exegesis since 1500 and accounts for the major reasons for these changes. Answering the question of why fundamentalism is unsatisfying to modern people, Sandys-Wunsch maintains that this development was the result of occurrences both within and outside biblical interpretation. The "internal" developments consisted of work on the textual tradition, biblical languages, and the recognition of wider problems such as consistency, cogency, and coherence within biblical documents. "External" factors were the development of secular society, toleration, academic freedom, a perceived dichotomy between the Bible and science, and information about human culture in general both past and present. He concludes that after the Renaissance it was the application of historical considerations to both ideas of the biblical tradition which was the main source of the modern approach to the Bible.
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